Hair Color Info
Advice & information on choosing the right hair color,
hair color products and general hair health.

 
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AND BLACK BLACK VELVET

A true black with no red, gold or purple. MISS CLAIROL ON DARK HAIR

Miss Clairol colors on dark hair, of course, will have a different effect than they do on pure white hair. It is on dark hair that you must con­ sider the bleaching action of Miss Clairol. The darker the hair, the greater the bleaching action. The closer the natural shade to the Miss Clairol color, the less Miss Clairol will lighten. As Miss Clairol colors deepen, the lightening action lessens.

To explain the bleaching action of Miss Clairol, let us consider the results of each color on dark brown hair. On dark hair maximum bleach­ ing action is obtained.

Blonde Shades TOPAZ

Topaz has the greatest amount of bleaching action. It will lighten up to a maximum of 7 shades in 30 to 45 minutes. The final shade de­ pends on how dark the hair was originally. Topaz contains drab color­ ing so that while it bleaches, it reduces the red and gold tones that result from bleaching.

GOLDEN APRICOT

Bleaches up to 5 shades. As the colors deepen in the scale, their lightening action lessens. This color adds golden highlights as it bleaches.

SUN BRONZE

Bleaches about 4 shades. While it bleaches, Sun Bronze adds reddish gold tones.

MOONGOLD

Bleaches about 3 ½ shades. While bleaching, like Topaz, it reduces the reds and golds, but to a greater degree because it contains more drab coloring.

Red Shades FLAME

Bleaches hair up to 6 shades, producing a light, bright red.

COPPERTONE

Bleaches about 4 ½ shades, producing a light, coppery auburn.

SPARKLING SHERRY

Bleaches about 3 ½ shades, producing a medium auburn.


RED GINGER

Bleaches about 3 shades, and adds reddish brown tones.

Brown Shades

CHESTNUT BROWN

Lightens 2 ½ to 3 shades on dark brown or black hair. At the same time it produces lustrous, brown tones.

COFFEE BROWN

Bleaches only dark brown or black hair. It will lighten them several shades, at the same time producing a rich, medium brown.

SABLE BROWN

Bleaches only black hair. Bleaches black hair one or two shades, producing a lustrous, dark brown.

Black BLACK VELVET

No bleaching action whatsoever.

MISS CLAIROL ON HAIR MIXED WITH GRAY

Hair mixed with gray is another variation to consider when making color selection. Because of difference in pigmentation and the varying amounts of gray in the hair, seldom will the same shade look alike on two different heads of hair. Some women have a great deal of red pig­mentation and no matter what color you use on them you will find some red highlights coming through, while women with little red in their hair will always finish with a drabber version.

The amount of gray in the hair is another influencing factor. Here is an example:

Two women with the same shade of natural, medium brown hair, one with no gray, the other with 50% gray—both having the same amount of red pigmentation—are tinted with Moongold. The woman with no gray will finish with a shade with some red highlights. The woman with 50 % gray hair will finish with less red in her hair than the woman who had no gray at all. The pure white hair becomes a true ash, the shade Moongold produces on white hair.

The final shade any color creates is influenced by the amount of natural red pigment in the hair and by the amount of gray. The more white in the hair, the less gold and red in the final shade.

Because of the natural red pigmentation, the drab colors will often not finish drab. However, this problem can be helped with two Miss Clairol colors not previously discussed. They are Ermine and Starlight.


ERMINE STARLIGHT

Two of the colors on the Color Selector Chart are Ermine and Star­light. They are special blenders designed to be mixed with other Miss Clairol colors.

To increase the drabbing effects of any Miss Clairol Color, mix one- third bottle of Ermine or Starlight with two-thirds bottle of the color to be used. Then add the Clairoxide or Pure White Creme Developer.

Starlight is twice as concentrated as Ermine. It may be used on hair with a great deal of red pigment where more drabbing is required.

If either of these drabbing colors is used in conjunction with one of the other colors, a proportionate quantity should be added to the test solution in the preliminary Patch and Strand Tests.

Note

Never use Ermine or Starlight alone on gray, white, or "pepper and salt" hair as a rinse. They will lighten whatever dark pigment still exists and cause discoloration.

SILVER DROPS

Miss Clairol colors may also be made drabber by the addition of a Clairol product called Silver Drops. Silver Drops, a specially prepared, highly concentrated color, reduces and drabs red or gold tones. Add from 3 to 15 drops to Miss Clairol. The deep colors require 15 drops for adequate drabbing, the lighter colors require less. To ascertain the correct number of Silver Drops, take a strand test, using Silver Drops in the tint mixture. The patch or skin test is required before use of Silver Drops.

MISS CLAIROL COLOR SELECTOR CHART

Miss Clairol Color Selector Chart contains a digest of all the informa­ tion on coloring you have just acquired. You will find the chart a quick and useful guide.

The colors are arranged by the tone values and by depth, beginning with the lightest color. This arrangement will help you in lightening or intensifying colors because changes in intensity may be made by adding the next lighter or darker color in the same series. You may also make changes in tone value. Some examples follow:


TO DEEPEN OR LIGHTEN COLORS WITHOUT CHANGING THEIR TONE VALUE:

  • If Topaz on pure white hair is a little too light, it can be deepened
    by adding a small amount of the color next in depth to it in the
    same tone. To 1 ¾ oz. Topaz add ¼ oz- Moongold and 2 oz. de­
    veloper. Since both tint colors are drab, adding Moongold does
    not change the tone value. It merely produces a deeper shade.
  • If Moongold has been used and the results are a little too deep,
    reverse the procedure and add Topaz. Mix 1 ¾ oz. Moongold with
    ¼ oz. Topaz and 2 oz. developer.

TO DEEPEN OR LIGHTEN COLORS AND CHANGE TONE VALUES:

If Topaz, for example, used on pure white hair is a little too light and a little too drab, it should be mixed with Golden Apricot, the next color in the gold tones. This will deepen the color and add a little gold. Mix 1 ¾ oz. Topaz with ¼ oz. Golden Apricot and 2 oz. developer.

Miss Clairol Color Selector Chart

MISS CLAIROL CONFIDENTIAL FORMULAS

The ability to mix colors skillfully is one of the most important keys to a successful haircoloring business. Miss Clairol colors may be blended to create an unlimited number of personalized shades.

Combinations to give a wide range of color selections are provided in the Confidential Formulas. Proper usage of these combinations assures each patron an individualized service. The colors you mix for her can­ not be reproduced at another salon unless she has the exact formula you have blended for her.

Color mixing is especially important when matching the patron's natural shade since, frequently, it is a blend of colors rather than just one color.

Use these Confidential Formulas to do more subtle haircoloring and to add exciting possibilities to the colors you offer your customers.

Miss Clairol Confidential Formulas


LIGHT COLORS

If you desire the lighter, more glamorous shades, the Miss Clairol colors that lend themselves best to this are: Topaz, Golden Apricot, Sun Bronze, Flame, and Coppertone. Although these colors have their own bleaching action, bleaching can be increased from one to a number of shades by adding Lady Clairol.

As little as two capfuls of Lady Clairol may be added for a slight in­ crease in bleaching action. For a greater increase in bleaching action, the following formulas can be used:

1. 1 ¾ oz. Miss Clairol
¼ oz. Lady Clairol

2 ¼ oz. Clairoxide or Pure White Creme Developer

2. 1 ½ oz. Miss Clairol
½ oz. Lady Clairol

2 ½ oz. Clairoxide or Pure White Creme Developer

3. 1 oz. Miss Clairol
1 oz. Lady Clairol

3 oz. Clairoxide or Pure White Creme Developer

A sample formula might be 1 oz. Flame, 1 oz. Lady Clairol, 3 oz. Clairoxide. This will produce a lighter, brighter, shade than Flame mixed with equal parts of Clairoxide. These formulas may be used as a guide. Further variations will enable you to increase the subtle color variations you can create.

When you use only one or two capfuls of Lady Clairol, use the stand­ ard amount of Clairoxide (that is, 1 part Clairoxide to 1 part Miss Clairol), but increase the Clairoxide when you use ½ oz. Lady Clairol or more.

The proportion is 1 part Clairoxide for each part of Miss Clairol, plus 2 parts Clairoxide for each part Lady Clairol.

Sometimes when using Topaz you will find that the Lady Clairol, while it increases the bleaching action, decreases the color value so that the toning effect is not as great. If this occurs the tone can be made drabber by adding Miss Clairol Ermine or Starlight or Silver Drops.

DARK COLORS

Occasionally, even with the deeper colors, a slight increase in bleach­ ing action may be desired. With Miss Clairol colors such as Chestnut Brown, Red Ginger and Coffee add one or two capfuls of Lady Clairol.

GRAY HAIR COVERAGE

When mixing Lady Clairol with Miss Clairol, remember—while you increase the bleaching action, you decrease the coloring action. This means that women with gray hair may get less coverage than they ordinarily would with the regular Miss Clairol mixture.

Therefore, as the amount of gray in the hair increases, decrease the amount of Lady Clairol you use.

With all these mixtures the application procedure is the same as for Miss Clairol No pre-shampoo is needed.

DO'S

  • Always mix Miss Clairol in plastic dish or applicator.
  • Use Clairoxide, or Pure White Creme Developer. Both are stable
    20-volume peroxide. If you do not, be sure to use fresh 20-volume
    peroxide.
  • Apply thickly and generously, concentrating Miss Clairol where
    hair is most gray.
  • Use only glass, porcelain, or plastic utensils.
  • Use Miss Clairol Applicator for neatest, fastest, and best results.
  • Always wear rubber gloves during entire treatment.
  • Apply as quickly as possible to obtain even development.
  • Dilute Miss Clairol with Clairol Shampoo for Tinted Hair when
    applying to porous ends.
  • Always rinse hair and scalp thoroughly, especially around the
    hairline, to remove all residual material.

DON'TS

  • Don't shampoo before using Miss Clairol. Apply Miss Clairol to
    dry hair.
  • Don't apply to ends on a retouch unless you dilute with Clairol
    Shampoo for Tinted Hair.
  • Don't rub or massage the scalp when applying Miss Clairol. Re­
    member it is a haircoloring, and not a scalp treatment.
  • Don't apply Miss Clairol to ends until the color on the new growth
    is fully developed.
  • Don't pre-bleach unless a drastic color change is desired or unless
    hair needs corrective treatment.
  • Don't use Miss Clairol over metallic dyes, compound hennas, or
    so-called color restorers. Discoloration or breakage may result.
  • Don't use Miss Clairol for coloring eyelashes or eyebrows.
  • Don't allow Miss Clairol to contact area in or around the eyes.
  • Don't save any Miss Clairol once it has been mixed with a devel­
    oper. Use the amount you need, and discard the remaining mixture.

 

miss clairol color selector

IF THE NATURAL HAIR SHADE IS


14 fashion rigrlit colors

IF THE NATURAL HAIR SHADE IS




SPECIAL NOTE

Results obtained also apply to tinted hair, except when a lighter shade is desired. Then tinted portion of

hair must be lightened before Miss Clairol is used.

To shampoo safely, always use Clairol Shampoo for Tinted Hair. It conditions as it cleans ... keeps haircolor

alive.

TONAL VALUE OF COLORS: The column "Tone" classifies Miss Clairol colors by depth of color and highlights created by each. Drab colors have no red or gold highlights. Gold colors have only gold highlights. Red colors have only red highlights. Tone numbers indicate the intensity of the color—the higher the number, the darker the color.

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