Hair Dressing Terms Glossary
Allergy : A hypersentivity to certain foods, cosmetics, tints or other substances.
Aniline : A coal tar derivative used in penetrating tints.
Bleach : A preparation which lightens the hair by removing the pigmentation.
Bleach Pack: A bleach solution prepared in a thick consistency.
Blending : The process of evening color throughout the hair strand during retouches.
Breakage : A condition in which hair splits and breaks off. Caused by over-bleaching, improper permanent waving.
Certified Color: A temporary coloring which coats the hair. No patch test is necessary when certified colors are used.
Coating : Residue left on the outside of the hair shaft.
Color Mixing : Mixing two shades of Miss Clairol together for an in-between color.
Color Test : The process of washing or drying a strand of hair to determine progress during tinting or bleaching.
Coverage : Coloring gray or white hair.
Decolorization : Removal of color from hair.
Developer : Clairoxide, Pure White Creme Developer or a 20-vol. peroxide which is mixed with tints, dyes and bleaches to produce final results.
Development Time : Time needed to develop the color or the
bleach. It begins at completion of application.
Discoloration : Development of an undesired color.
Drab : A shade which contains no red or gold tones. To drab hair means to remove red and gold tones from hair.
Frosting : Lightening small sections of hair throughout the head.
Hair Color Bath : Miss Clairol—a permanent color. Lightens, colors, conditions and shampoos in one application.
Highlighting : Brightening the appearance of hair by adding color tones.
Line of Demarcation : A streak caused by overlapping on previously tinted hair. Not possible with Miss Clairol.
Metallic Dyes : Permanent color which contains metal salts.
Over-lap : The condition caused when the bleach or tint runs down the hair strand during a retouch.
Oxidation : The development of the tint after Clairoxide or Pure White Creme Developer is added.
Patch Test : A test given 24 hours prior to a tint treatment to ascertain whether or not a patron is allergic or hyper-sensitive to the tint. It is required by law.
Penetrating Tint : A tint which penetrates into hair shaft and deposits color permanently.
Pepper and Salt: A term used for hair that has a mixture of pigmented and white strands.
Peroxometer : A device which measures the strength of hydrogen peroxide.
Plastic Applicator : Pliable, squeeze bottle used for the application of Clairol tints, toners, bleaches and shampoos —■ eliminating the use of dish, comb, brush or swab. Nozzles are available to suit product consistency.
Porosity : The condition of hair that makes it absorb moisture easily.
Powder Bleach : A strong, fast-acting bleach used for special bleaching.
Pre-Bleaching : The process of removing some color from the hair before a tint. Not necessary with Miss Clairol Hair Color Bath. The term is also used when highly decolorizing before applying the Blonde Toners.